Laziness is the lack of interest in work. Laziness can be related to physical disorders such as some intestinal disorders, fever, neurovegetative imbalances, etc ... In these cases the treatment is determined by the pediatrician and that laziness is momentary. Laziness can also be related to psychological disorders such as: due to lack of interest (demotivated children), depression, instability of character or maladjustment to the family or school environment, to name a few causes. Laziness is absence of will, it is lack of energy, of vitality. When we have made a great effort we can spend the rest of the day lying down without doing anything because we no longer have more energy. This tiredness is justified.
A child has much more vitality than an adult, so when we are faced with a child who acts lazily, we must remain alert, because it can be a psychological symptom.
In this article we are going to focus our interest in the lack of motivation for the school learning of some children who are perhaps too intelligent and for that reason they get bored in the classes. We speak in this case about gifted children. Some people are smarter than others. Thus, in school, some students learn easily while others, with the same teacher and the same books, seem to show difficulties in learning the same content.
Every individual, whether a child or an adult, is by nature an active being
What is intelligence?
When we talk about Intelligence we mean a concept that includes three functions:
- Ability to deal with abstractions.
- Ability to learn words and symbols.
- Ability to solve new problems or situations.
That group of individuals who by excess or by default stand out from the general intelligence measure (Intellectual Quotient) that evaluate the so-called Intelligence tests are considered "exceptional" and within this group we can find those whose C.I. It is below the values 90-120 (values found as normal) and then we could talk about Cognitive Deficit in its different nuances and degrees and, those that are well above the high value of that figure that we know as the Gifted. The gifted child is that child who has a superior ability to deal with facts, ideas and relationships (J.J. Gallagher, 1975).
The features that we can consider most characteristic of gifted children are the following:
- Early development both physical and mental.
- Curious about the world around you. Constant desire to increase your knowledge.
- Vivacious interest in all types of encyclopedias, manuals always looking for more information.
- Easy and fast learning.
- Intense concentration that sometimes touches the obsession.
- Very easy in logical operations such as those that include abstracting, analyzing or generalizing.
- Optimal ability for immediate understanding while having a great facility to communicate what is understood.
- They have talent, that is, an unusual ability to execute and in a specific area.
- They are creative in learning, that is, they are able to provide new hypotheses using them to imagine the consequences of possible new and unproven solutions.
- They are usually busy in different activities at the same time.
- His vocabulary is broad and complex.
- Great organizational capacity.
- Preference for older partners both in their social life and in games.
Often these children are overlooked within a school group and end up getting bored of the slow learning. They may have problems with the rest of their classmates precisely because of their "exceptionality" and the marginalization to which they are led can easily lead to failure.
The detection of this group of children is the first step in preventing failure and thus being able to drive and enrich their overflowing creativity.
In school, knowledge should be adapted to the gifted child through the enrichment of programs, special classes and, of course, acceleration, that is, chronologically and scholastic advancement of the child's instruction.
In your socio-family environment, you should have a fundamental influence at the orientation level. Do not forget that the gifted child above all is a child who can present emotional problems, which is within a family nucleus that behaves in a certain way within society. Along with all the incidents that are generally taken into account when working in the field of Child Psychology, in the case of the gifted, it must be added that their parents are normal people who will need special treatment because they can develop feelings of insecurity , of maladjustment, of hostility, jealousy, etc ... towards his own son as a result of that incomprehensible and feared "exceptional" of the child.
Informative video about High Children's Capabilities:
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