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What are the observable differences between “pure” antisocial personality disorder and psychopathy?

What are the observable differences between “pure” antisocial personality disorder and psychopathy?



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How to decide whether one has antisocial personality disorder, psychopathy, or both?

What are the traits which non-psychopaths with APD have but psychopaths don't have, or vice versa?


Antisocial personality disorder (APD) and psychopathy are not distinct entities, but highly overlapping constructs. APD is the diagnosis currently supported by the latest iterations of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), and psychopathy is rarely used in clinical contexts today, though the terms are often used interchangeably.

The criteria of APD are centered around antisocial behaviors such as norm violating behavior, impulsivity, aggressiveness, and a lack of remorse. Psychopathy lacks a specific set of criteria, but for instance the often used Hare Psychopathy Checklist (PCL-R)include aspects such as impulsivity, aggressivity, and a greater focus than APD on the lack of empathy and Machiavellianism, that is manipulativeness and callousness.


What are the observable differences between &ldquopure&rdquo antisocial personality disorder and psychopathy? - Psychology

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Person-Centered therapy (also referred to as Client-Centered or Rogerian therapy) is a form of psychotherapy that was developed by psychologist Carl Rogers. Developed in the 1930s, the Person-Centered Approach is one of the most widely used forms of therapy to date. There are four core concepts for the Person-Centered Approach. The first concept is self-actualization. Self-Actualization is the tendency for a person to reach their fullest potential .

Describe and evaluate jungs theory concerning personality types

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Carl Jung had many theories about the mind and humanity that have been widely used and taken forward by others, including his ideas regarding personality types. These ideas are outlined in work by Jung but are more clearly accessible from other secondary sources. Integral too many of Jung's theories is the 'principle of opposites'. I.e. Every thought or attribute that we have, produces and/or is balanced by .

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

The banning and/or restricting of video games movement is getting play in the U.S. and in Europe right now. Earlier this week, European Union ministers considered a stronger rating system and possible banning of certain violent video games throughout Europe (no specific games were mentioned, but clips from Rockstar's nearly-three-year-old Manhunt were shown). Okay, so that's pretty extreme, but a proposed New York State law would ban .

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Over the past decades interest on social relationships has increased, including siblings relationships. Many studies were carried out covering how sibling relationships affect aspects of life including academic achievement and rivalry, and the different aspects that affected this including age gaps, gender and birth order. According to Connidis (1994), siblings stand ready to help each other in times of need. When there's a serious family problem or .

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Which, heredity or environment, plays a bigger role in the development of personality? From many readings and exposure to the topic on personality, it is fair to say that personality is the varying behaviours of an individual that is unique from other individuals in the population. A personality trait is a supposedly stable characteristic that causes an individual to behave similarly in various situations. Trait theories are .

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

There are many and varied methods of child rearing used, these are based on culture and tradition. However, the idea of corporal punishment as a method of asserting a parents power over the child has been discredited in many countries and other methods have been advocated as being ethically correct and more effective in the long run. Discuss paying attention to different child rearing styles, including methods .

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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A Study On Reactive Attachment Disorder In Children

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Human Growth and Development Case Study: Chris

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Study on Social Identity Theory

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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The Influence Of Diversity On Major Concepts Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Milgrams And Gamsons Studies Of Obedience Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Good interpersonal skills, with the aid of communication skills and emotional intelligence, are a weapon that can work for or against the future of newly married couples. Learning one's behavior depends, solely, on the level of interaction between the parties, guided by principles of communication. The latter influences the unfolding of future events basing on perceived trust. In the modern society, family unions, especially marriages, are facing .

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

The amygdalae (from the Greek for 'almond') are two groups of almond-shaped nuclei located deep within the medial temporal lobes of the brain in complex vertebrates, including humans, (see Fig 1 below). Research has shown that the amygdalae perform a primary role in the processing and memory of emotional reactions, and are considered to be part of the limbic system. [pic] Fig 1: Location of Amygdala. (Image .

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

The psychoanalytic perspective grew out of subsequent psychoanalytic theories (1901, 1924, and 1940) following decades of interactions with clients with the use of an innovative procedure developed by Sigmund Freud that required lengthy verbal interactions with patients during which Freud probed deep into their lives. In a nutshell, the psychoanalytic perspective looked too explain personality, motivation, and psychological disorders by focussing on the influence of early childhood .

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

In order to answer this question effectively I will first discuss what cognitive behaviour therapy is and its key features. Then I will elaborate on a couple of other approaches to counselling and explain why it is different. Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) can help you to change how you think ("Cognitive") and what you do ("Behaviour)". These changes can help you to feel better. Unlike some of .

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

The psychological study of individual differences traditionally has roots in the clinical, psychometric and experimental traditions (Butt,2007). Trait theory is based in the experimental approach. More recently the phenomenological perspective has made headway into the study of individual differences, as demonstrated by personal construct theory (PCT). This essay will start by describing trait theory and PCT, highlighting the important differences between the two approaches. An evaluation of .

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Music therapy has been a widely used source of treatment for many patients suffering from mental, physical or communicational disorders as well as learning difficulties and eating disorders. This type of therapy uses various methods to develop verbal interaction, offers opportunities to create positive changes in mood, emotional states and increase self-confidence and awareness. Outcomes such as these are vital in the treatment of mental disorders such .

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Alcohol can be traced as far back as 8000 B. C. when the people of the Middle East created a drink from honey and wild yeast (Alcohol Facts, n.d.). Since then, it has been used in religious ceremonies such as communion, for medicinal purposes as well as during social events. When a person begins to abuse alcohol by drinking large quantities and/or daily consumption, it can lead .

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Parents, friends, and the peer group are the fundamental contributors to motivational outcomes of the young athletes, providing unique influences on their psychological development (Brustad & Partridge, 2002 Sullivan, 1953).Weinberg and Gould (2007) also emphasize the importance of friends and peer group and the effects they have on child's motivation. According to them, with affiliation being a main motive of child's sport participation, positive peer relationships leads .

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

The Theory of Mind (TofM) hypothesis for autism has been investigated extensively in the last 30 years. This essay will review the literature which examines this theory, considering a wide range of methodological and theoretical approaches. It will be argued that whilst there are several strengths of the theory, the TofM hypothesis cannot account for the non-social symptoms of ASD, and therefore cannot be considered to provide .

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Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

A questionnaire survey was conducted among the participants the Victoria University Students chose to determine whether attitudes towards seeking professional help changed when focusing upon certain situational variables. The 697 participants in this study each completed a questionnaire which evaluated on a 3 point scale their current attitude towards seeking professional counselling services, whether help had been obtained and their future intentions in seeking help. The study .

Research report on substance related disorders

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Substance use is a common factor world-wide throughout our social society. Substance related disorders are also on the rise due to its abusers. In today's world we witness thousands of people who pass away due to substance related disorders. Ask anybody in today's society if they know someone who has died, or has suffered severely due to any substance related use or abuse. Then ask them if .

Attitudes Towards Tourism And Hospitality Career Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

To explain human behavior is a very difficult and complex task. But approaching it from different levels such as the person's attitude and perception factors and so on, sheds light to this complexity. Concepts referring to behavioral dispositions, such as social attitude, and personality trait, have played an important role in these attempts to predict and explain human behavior (Ajzen, 1998 Campbell, 1963 Sherman & Fazio, 1983). .

Piagets And Vygotskys Theories Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky are regarded as two of the most influential contributors in developmental psychology. Both theorists presented their own constructivist view on childhood development constructivism is a theory which explains that people organize information based on their previous experiences (Powell & Kalina, 2009). However, while Piaget emphasized the importance of children learning by interacting with their environment, Vygotsky believed that children learn through their .

Pros And Cons Of Rehabilitation Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

The proposed literary review establishes a frame of reference for this particular study and examines a synthesis for solution and possible alternatives to address factors and other specific issues regarding the effectiveness of rehabilitation. This research review accommodates many concepts in regards to assessing behavior modification including an individual's social, psychological, and biological development which determines a need for treatment. Moreover, the review exhibits a combination of .

Two Approaches To Counselling Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

In this essay, I will attempt in brief to compare the chosen approaches, psychodynamic and the personal centred in terms of the basic concepts, goals, element of relationship in therapy, techniques and application. The greater part will be left to the examination of the strengths and weaknesses of the approaches. Finally a conclusion will be given at the end summarising the whole discussion. As stated, the psychodynamic .

When do children develop a theory of mind

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Interest into the understanding of mind in children can be recorded back to Piaget's early research (Piaget, 1928). The term theory of mind was first introduced to psychology in 1978 by Premack and Woodruff when they studied whether chimpanzees had a theory of mind. Theory of mind is used to describe how we take into account the feelings, pretence, desires and beliefs of others when we interact .

Effects of the recession on students well being

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

During an economic downturn, many people are negatively affected by the financial strain that ensues. The primary intention of this research was to identify if a relationship existed between financial insecurity and students reported mental well being. A second objective was to find out if students who work part time during college score higher on the GHQ than those who do not. The sample consisted of 100 .

Culture challenge in defining abnormality

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Psychologists are usually faced with the challenge of universally defining what abnormality is. The aspect of cultural relativism is of the argument that, beliefs on abnormality differ across cultures and sub-cultures. A perfectly acceptable behavior as perceived in one cultural set up may be regarded abnormal in another. Any attempt to define abnormality faces a certain degree of limitation from cultural variations. As such, psychologists may never .

What The Dsm Attempts To Do Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

DSM-IV is a classification of mental disorders that was developed for use in clinical, educational, and research settings. American Psychiatric Association, DSM-IV-TR, 2000 What the DSM attempts to do is have specific criteria for specific disorders, but at the same time, not have the manual be used in a cookbook fashion. Meaning that the specific diagnostic criteria in the DSM are meant to serve as guidelines concurrently .

Link between obesity and mental health

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Obesity may seem like it's a choice--a lifestyle option that many have chosen. Many believe that obesity is really about overeating due to greed and lack of discipline, but this is often not the case. Obesity can be a side effect of a mental health problem which can even occasionally be the main source of all the fat to begin with. Let's dig deeper into the various .

The Need For Affiliation And Henry Murrays Theory

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Henry Murray's educational training was anything but typical for that of a psychology professor he attained a bachelor's degree in History, a master's degree in biology from Columbia University, and a doctorate in Biochemistry. It was after reading several of Carl Jung's published work and establishing a meeting with the legendary Swiss psychiatrist that he was persuaded into studying psychoanalysis. He completed his training in Harvard University .

Effectiveness Of Self Monitoring Technique Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

The term self-esteem comes from a Greek word meaning reverence for self. The self part of self-esteem pertains to the values, beliefs and attitudes that are held about one's own self. Self-esteem refers to the degree of regard or respect that individuals have for themselves and is a measure of worth that they place in their abilities and judgments. No one is born with a self-image. Self-esteem .

The Respective Theories Of Motivation Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

The term motivation derived from the Latin word movere, meaning to move. Motivation represents those psychological processes that cause the arousal, direction, and persistence of voluntary actions that are goal oriented (Mitchell, 1982). Motivation as defined by Robbins (1993) is the "willingness to exert high levels of effort toward organizational goals, conditioned by the effort's ability to satisfy some individual need. A need in this context is .

Basic philosophy of the skilled helper model

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

In the first edition of "The Skilled Helper",published in 1975, Egan expounded a model of the helping process with the goal "to establish a training technology that applies to helper training and to the helping process itself". The subtitle of "The Skilled Helper" is " A Problem Management and Opportunity Development Approach to Helping", and this reflects Egan's focus on problem solving and goal setting rather than .

Comparing and Contrasting Freuds and Eriksons Theories

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

This paper explores the first three stages of Sigmund Freud's Theory of Psychosocial Development and Erik Erickson's Psychosocial Development side by side. At each comparative stage, a brief description of Erickson's version then a brief description of Freud's version is given. After describing both perspectives on each stage of development, comparisons are drawn and connections shown to any common traits between the two theories. A description explains .

Sigmund freuds influenced in the field on psychology

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Sigmund Freud was born on May 6th, 1856 in Frieberg, Moravia. Today the present area is Czech Republic. The parents of Sigmund Freud are Jacob and Amalia Freud. Sigmund grew up in a Jewish family. Sigmund Freud has made an amazing influence in pshche. Sigmund advanced the study of the mind and how it works. With the studies, people where aware of how the brain influenced our .

Self perception inventory

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

The Belbin Self Perception Inventory (SPI), developed by Dr Meredith Belbin, is a self-assessment that is designed to help people understand their role and behaviour in a team setting. This makes it a behavioural test and not a personality one. The SPI has several statements about a person's behaviour in a team, to which you distribute points according to how well they describe you. By transposing these .

The Effects Of Distractions Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

To maintain individuals short-term memory one must be able to discern and ignore distractions. Referring to some elements of previous studies and approaching a different perspective, this report aimed to investigate memory recall under different levels of distraction and t if the relevance of words has an effect on number of items to be recalled. 40 participants, 20 males and 20 female were tested and what was .

The Effectiveness of Pictures and Words on Memory Recall

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Abstract This experiment was designed to investigate whether people would be able to recall pictures or words more after seeing them for a brief period of time. To carry out this study, 52 subjects with the same age were divided into two groups, Group A and Group B. During the test, group A was asked to see a list of 20 pictures, while the other group was .

Self Awareness Among Patients With Schizophrenia Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Bailey et.al., conducted a study to explore the relation exist between lack of awareness of illness and the result of a cognitive deficit involving prefrontal cerebral dysfunction. This study also reveals the relationship exist with miscellaneous domains of self awareness in patients with schizophrenia and other participants with serious mental disorders. The samples were one hundred and eight patients with chronic schizophrenia and 21 patients with bipolar .

Extraversion on Academic Achievement in University Students

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

University fosters an environment encouraging both academic achievements and personal developments. Each individual's experience differs due to their choice of engagement in academic and social events. As academic events are still more important in an academic institution, achieving excellence in academics should be the priority for every student. The choice of participation and degree of academic involvement may depend upon an individual's personality. Thus, the relationship between .

Theories Regarding Attitude Formation And Function Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

As far back as Allport, attitudes have frequently featured in psychology research and literature, emerging from which are differing theories with regards their formation and function (Katz, 1960). Despite the differing ideas of their origins and formation mechanisms, many theories are similar in their emphasis on likes and dislikes, or preferences towards forming a definition of attitudes (Bem, 1970 Fishbein & Azjen, 1975). To the degree that .

Case Study on the nature vs nurture debate

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Is a child's development influenced by genetics or could the majority of influence be found in the child's environment? The nature vs. nurture debate has been at the forefront of psychology for many decades. The purpose of this essay is to try and answer this question using the case study of Genie. The essay shall also look at some of the roles that a multidisciplinary team would .

Several Stages Of Individual Development Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

The development of an individual undergoes several stages of development, which change and replace one another respectively to the cognitive development of the individual. At the same time, the development of individual psychology and personality has been a subject to heat debates between specialists for a long time. In this regard, Piaget's developmental theory played an extremely important role in the formation of views of scientists and .

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What are the observable differences between &ldquopure&rdquo antisocial personality disorder and psychopathy? - Psychology

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Person-Centered therapy (also referred to as Client-Centered or Rogerian therapy) is a form of psychotherapy that was developed by psychologist Carl Rogers. Developed in the 1930s, the Person-Centered Approach is one of the most widely used forms of therapy to date. There are four core concepts for the Person-Centered Approach. The first concept is self-actualization. Self-Actualization is the tendency for a person to reach their fullest potential .

Describe and evaluate jungs theory concerning personality types

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Carl Jung had many theories about the mind and humanity that have been widely used and taken forward by others, including his ideas regarding personality types. These ideas are outlined in work by Jung but are more clearly accessible from other secondary sources. Integral too many of Jung's theories is the 'principle of opposites'. I.e. Every thought or attribute that we have, produces and/or is balanced by .

Should Most Violent Game Be Banned Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

The banning and/or restricting of video games movement is getting play in the U.S. and in Europe right now. Earlier this week, European Union ministers considered a stronger rating system and possible banning of certain violent video games throughout Europe (no specific games were mentioned, but clips from Rockstar's nearly-three-year-old Manhunt were shown). Okay, so that's pretty extreme, but a proposed New York State law would ban .

The main aim and focus in psychodynamic psychotherapy

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

The main focus of psychodynamic psychotherapy is to help individuals make sense of current problems and view how their past has/might/will/ have affected the current situation that would have brought them to counseling. Psychodynamic views the person as a whole thus mind, body, soul in order to recognize the relationships between these dimensions which make up the person. These internal relationships are dynamic, always changing as they .

Sibling relationships and parental conflict in divorced families

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Over the past decades interest on social relationships has increased, including siblings relationships. Many studies were carried out covering how sibling relationships affect aspects of life including academic achievement and rivalry, and the different aspects that affected this including age gaps, gender and birth order. According to Connidis (1994), siblings stand ready to help each other in times of need. When there's a serious family problem or .

Development of personality Heredity or Environment

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Which, heredity or environment, plays a bigger role in the development of personality? From many readings and exposure to the topic on personality, it is fair to say that personality is the varying behaviours of an individual that is unique from other individuals in the population. A personality trait is a supposedly stable characteristic that causes an individual to behave similarly in various situations. Trait theories are .

Attachment Styles And Romantic Relationship Outcomes Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Many researchers have shown a link between attachment styles and romantic relationship outcomes. Attachment styles deals with early infant parent caring and environment, internal working models of themselves, their early relationships with peer or friends and attachment security. These major attachment styles leads to the different timing of the first sexual intercourse which later shows links to relationship satisfaction, quality of romantic relationships, union formation and the .

Job design and Job performance relationship

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

This study applies the concept of job performance and job satisfaction based on early principles of job design in solving employees' perception of job retention, using employees of Pakistan's public sector regulatory authorities for examination. For more than two decades, research and practice in the field of job design has been dominated by two theoretical frameworks, exhibiting strong convergence in terms of the characteristics of individual jobs .

The evolution and adaptation of infanticide and siblicide

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

INTRODUCTION - LIFE HISTORY The term 'life history' describes an organism's strategy of allocating time and energy between growth, reproduction and survival (Levin 2009 Bergon, Townsend and Harper 2008). Life history traits make up an organism's life history and include growth patterns, size at birth, size and age at sexual maturity, the number, size and sex ratio of offspring, parental care and length of life (Levin 2009 .

Three Kinds Of Emotional Deprivation Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Yuki has relationship difficulties because of her Emotional Deprivation schema where she feels emotionally deprived, lonely, bitter, and depressed. Clients with such schema do not get enough affection and warmth or deep emotions expressed. They do not ask significant others for what they need emotionally, not expressing a desire for love or comfort, and do not expect emotional support. There are three kinds of Emotional Deprivation. Deprivation .

How does early childhood attachment affect child development

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

2- Describe three important contributions Freud made to the field of human development. How does early childhood attachment affect child development? Describe the relationship between temperament and 'best fit' parenting. Freud suggested that the development occurs through a series of psychosexual stages: Oral stage (first 18 months of life): Infant's main source of interaction occurs through the mouth. Infant receives pleasure from oral stimulation through sucking. The .

Effectiveness Of Gestalt Therapy Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Effectiveness of Gestalt therapy on self awareness among patients with schizophrenia was examined through Quasi experimental pretest posttest with control group design. Purposive samples of 16 patients with schizophrenia who had low self awareness were randomly assigned into experimental and control group for the study. Gestalt therapy was intervened to the patients with Schizophrenia. Situational self awareness scale was used to assess the level of self awareness .

Perspectives of Human Growth and Development

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

The purpose of this essay is to compare and contrast two competing psychological theories of human behaviour and to focus on at least one stage of human development. The area of human development that this essay will explore is young adulthood. The two competing theories will be Erik Erikson's 'Eight stages of human development' and Abraham Maslow's 'Humanistic theory of self-actualisation'. Erikson's 'Eight stages of human development' .

Childrens Development And Child Rearing Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

There are many and varied methods of child rearing used, these are based on culture and tradition. However, the idea of corporal punishment as a method of asserting a parents power over the child has been discredited in many countries and other methods have been advocated as being ethically correct and more effective in the long run. Discuss paying attention to different child rearing styles, including methods .

The Effect Of Teamwork On Job Satisfaction Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

In this section first, different definitions of team are mentioned. Second, using the term "group" and "team" interchangeably and the different point of views are discussed. Job satisfaction and main drivers of job satisfaction for team members are mentioned thirdly. Finally two core theories for this research project Herzberg's Two Factor theory and its critical analysis and Hofstede's Individualism- Collectivism and its critical analysis are examined. 2.1. .

Research on person centered expressive arts therapy

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Art has been used for thousands of years as a means of communication. However, according to Edwards (2004) it was not until the 1940's that art, psychiatry and psychoanalysis combined in a variety of ways to provide the conditions out of which the profession of art therapy emerged (19). Art therapy is a psychotherapeutic approach that can be used for a wide range of individuals or groups. .

Stereotypes On Tourism Demand Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

The author work experience is within the service industry an undergraduate degree in tourism management enforced its interest in this subject even further. Of special interest is the psychological aspect of guests and customers and the effect on the operation of a company or destination. The complexity between tangible assets and non-tangible benefits led the researcher to investigate in-depth why tourists choose a certain destination over another. .

Difference Between Genders and IQ Estimation

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

This study is investigating the different types of IQ estimate people will give to them selves as well as their father and mother. According (Hogan, 1978, Higgin, 1987) they found out that when people are asked to estimate their own IQ and that of their mother and father, there are dependable differences in the estimate. Furnham and Fong Furnham & Rawles, 1999 have looked particularly at cross-cultural .

The Importance Of Vision In Motor Control Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Many people do not realize how much we use our vision for more than just actual sight. Several of our own personal experiences as well as research evidence tells us that vision not only plays a crucial role in allowing a person to see the environment but it becomes the most reliant of the sensory system (Bear et. al., 2001). From the basic anatomy of the eye, .

Semi Structured Interviews With Indian Students Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Introduction The earlier chapter concentrated on international higher education, understanding the decision making process of Indian students and marketing strategies to further enable UoP to better understand the Indian market. This chapter provides a detailed overview of the methodology adopted for the purpose of examining the research objectives,method of analysis implemented for this research, a rationale of data collection method, techniques adopted to analyse the data, validity .

Romantic Relationship And Young Adulthood Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Romantic relationship can be characterised by a free will between two individuals to interact and associate together with special connection for each other. Romantic relationships between two individuals is a personal choice, hence the relationship could be tenuous. One major component of falling in relationship can be identified as attraction between two individuals which is not necessarily all the times, besides being intense and passionate in nature. .

Carrying out a stroop effect experiment

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

It has been proposed that it is difficult to control automatic processes as they were unconsciously carried out. This meant that they could intrude on other tasks. The Stroop Effect looked at how automatic processing would interfere with colour identification. It was discovered that identifying ink colour was made more difficult when looking at a list of colour related words than when looking at colour neutral words .

Theories Are Of Importance To Counselling Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Theories are of importance to counselling as they are the foundation of effective counselling. In an article entitled Theories of counselling: Why are they important. it highlights the six purpose of theory in counselling by Boy and Pine (1983). First and foremost theories in counselling facilitates counsellors to discover connections and the commonness among the variety of existence. Secondly, it helps counsellors to examine areas they may .

Effects of students attitude on their performance

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

In a developing country like Pakistan, education is considered most important factor in the advancement of a nation. The role of students in developing a country is huge. You can't expect a country to develop if it doesn't have literate people. These students who are studying would be working tomorrow. They would be working for the public, private sector etc. These students, if perform well, can serve .

A Reflective Paper On Bipolar Disorder

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Bipolar is a condition known as manic-depressive disorder, which referred to as bipolar or manic depression, a psychiatric diagnosis that describes a category of mood disorders defined by the presence of one or more abnormal episodes. An estimated 15-20% of patients who suffer from bipolar disorder and who do not receive medical attention commit suicide. Bipolar disorder is a very dangerous illness that is often over looked. .

Stress And Well Being Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

People act in different ways in stressful situations, some can cope with stressful situation and some cannot cope. People are more stressed today than in the past. Researches were made to measure and to manage stress. For measuring stress, researches used a couple of types. One was the Social Readjustment rating scale or SRRS. This measure of stress was "devised" by Holmes and Rahe in 1960. Their .

Merits And Demerits Of Qualitative And Quantitative Procedures Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Research methods are "technique(s) for gathering data" (Harding, 1986) and are generally dichotomized into being either quantitative or qualitative. It has been argued that methodology has been gendered (Oakley, 1998), with quantitative methods traditionally being associated with words such as positivism, scientific, objectivity, statistics and masculinity. In contrast, qualitative methods have generally been associated with interpretive, non-scientific, subjectivity and femininity. Quantitative Research Techniques and Procedures Qualitative analysis .

The Nature Of Bipolar Disorder Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

This paper will study the nature of bipolar disorder, and the affects that it has on families. This paper will also review the clinical definition of bipolar disorder as well as the more frequently used terms that define extreme personality swings that alter one's ability to cope with life's day-to-day stressors. The paper will also discuss how family members are able to react effectively to a family .

Understanding Stress And Frustration Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Stress today is an inescapable part of modern life. It is a psychological and physiological reaction that occurs when there is a perceived imbalance by an individual between the expectations out of him and his capabilities. Stress cannot be defined I n any one way. One man's' stress may well be another man's' challenge. The word stress comes from the French word "estrece" meaning narrowness a constriction .

Drawing development

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Explain and critically analyse stages of drawing development as described by Luquet and Piaget. Luquet was one of the first to start researching into the development of drawing using a cognitive development theory and releasing a book in French during 1927. He described differing stages of drawing development which a child will pass through this became known as the stage account. Luquet thought that after a period .

Introduction to personality

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

The manner in which a person acts and interacts is a reflection of his personality. Personality is influenced by hereditary, cultural and social factors. Regardless of how it's defined, however, psychologists generally accept certain principles: Personality is an organized whole otherwise, the individual would have no meaning. Personality appears to be organized into patterns that are to some degree observable and measurable. Although personality has a .

Mechanisms of stress and our responses

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Our bodies are an amazing community of cells that function and communicate through the brain via the nervous system in a mechanistic system that is integrated with the mind. For centuries science has directed health towards a mechanistic model of health due to Descartes' separation of mind and body. Today more and more research with the help of the discipline of Psychology now accepts an integrated system .

Psychological Manipulation Different Techniques Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Psychological manipulation is like brain washing in that it wears away the victim's self-confidence, sense of self-worth, trust in their own perceptions, and self-concept. Whichever way it is done, the results will be fairly similar. Eventually, the recipient of the abuse loses all sense of self and the final remaining vestiges of personal value. Psychological manipulation cuts through to the very core of a person. It cuts scars .

Case Study: Therapeutic Modalities

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Three types of counselling approaches and intervention techniques are described and evaluated. The three approaches are, person centred approach, cognitive behavioural approach and the feminist approach. The person-centred approach was developed by the American psychologist Carl Rogers in the 1940-1950's (Rogers 1942, Rogers 1951) and this approach, also known as the client-centered or non-directive approach, continues to be used widely to this day. As the name of .

Symptoms of schizoaffective disorder

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Background: In the film Shine, protagonist David Helfgott is an authentic example of someone who suffers from schizoaffective disorder. From the start of the film we are able to see the accuracy of this diagnosis through David's childhood upbringing and his relationship with his abusive father. This will further be addressed throughout this paper and adequate examples will be mentioned to further show the precision of the .

Background knowledge on the phenomenon of false memory

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Semantic type - word based false memories, are a type of false memory that are normally elicited by the commonly known DRM paradigm. The classical procedure of the DRM paradigm involves participants studying a selection of lists, in which each list is composed of associates of one non-studied critical word (critical lure). After presentations of each list the participants are asked to recall each list, and then .

The Nature Of Prejudice Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

In the multi cultural setting, prejudice has become normalized and has synchronized into our daily lives due to the efforts of authorities to harmonized people together. However, given that everyone comes from a very different and diverse background and family situations, there are bound to be misinterpretation and assumptions that we make on a daily basis that is somewhat skewed towards or against a different group. And .

Piagets theory underestimated childrens cognitive abilities

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Piaget believed in cognitive development and that there are three principles involved. Accommodation, which is the process of adapting cognitive schemes (a structured or organized way of understanding experiences, this changes as you get older) for viewing the world. The second assimilation, is the process of interpreting experiences when we use current schemes to create new ones. The last is equilibration. This is when you go through .

Validity is important to the research process

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Sim and Wright, (2000:125) stated that, Validity relates to the truthfulness of data and requires independent knowledge of the true nature or magnitude of the entity. Clinical research scientists are much aware of the need for validity in their research. Validating the treatment is important to determine the efficacy of a treatment as well as effectiveness and the treatment provided and its outcome. It is learnt that .

Oppositional Defiant Disorder/ Separation Anxiety Disorder

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

I have chosen this topic to better understand my stepson who was abandoned by his mother at the age of four. Now that he is nine years old, I, who have been his primary caregiver for the last five years, am also abandoning him due to divorce. The significance of the research is to seek a better understanding of what causes Oppositional Defiant Disorder, and if we .

A Study On Reactive Attachment Disorder In Children

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Reactive attachment disorder can be defined as a disorder caused by absence of attachment to any care giver at an early age and results in inability of a child to establish an affectionate relationship with others. It was first discussed in the third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders and due to its newness there are a variety of stereotypes and misjudgments of .

Human Growth and Development Case Study: Chris

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

This report will focus on the case study of Chris (appendix I) in which I shall apply my understanding of psychological perspectives of human growth and development, concentrating on my understanding of psychological theories of human behaviour. Erik Erikson Psychosocial Stages (1902 - 1994) Erik Erikson developed eight stages in personality development spanning birth to later years. Erikson believed that a individual's inner instincts interact with outside .

Study on Social Identity Theory

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

The purpose of this lab was to determine cohesion in and between groups. A sample of respondents filled questionnaires rating their perception of relations both within and between their in-groups and out-groups. The questionnaires rated their perception on a scale of 1-7 representing their level of agreement or disagreement with the matter question. The answers were subjected to statistical analysis using SPSS and results analyzed and interpreted. .

General Strain Theory

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Agnew (2001) produced three different categories of strain that have the potential to induce a negative reaction. These categories include: being in the presence of negative stimuli, not being able to get past goal blockages, and the loss of positive stimuli. In context of the category of strain related to being in the presence of a negative stimulus, a negative stimulus can be described as any stimulus .

The difference between human growth and human development

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

In an attempt to comprehend the factors that influence the evolution of human-beings, it is first important to recognize the subtle difference separating the terms human growth and human development. While these terms are often used interchangeably to discuss human functioning, it should be clarified that these terms are not measured through the same scientific processes. When associated with human-beings, the two dynamic processes are measured differently, .

The feminist therapy

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

The main concept of the Feminist Theory discusses all of society, not just women, with the goal of creating a fair and equal society free from sexism, racism, and heterosexism. Feminist Therapists believe in the need to account for a person's social, cultural and political standings in order to understand that individual. In society unfortunately there are many gender related expectations and it is important to be .

Influence Of The Peer Group On The Adolescent Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

The adolescent is a stage in which the individuals are more concerned about how they appear to other people. According to Erikson, during successful early adolescent development, the young people acquire the self-confidence as opposed to self- disbelief and self-consciousness (Susman, et al., 1992). As the adolescent develops, they start to experiment on both constructive and negative identity behaviors. It is during the adolescent stage where peer .

Psychology Concerns

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Psychology concerns itself with the understanding of human behavior. In order to do this effectively, psychologists use a diverse range of perspectives, even when researching a single theme. This assignment intends to discuss the claim that &lsquothere is a lot to be gained by studying a topic in psychology from more than one perspective'. In order to discuss this claim, it will be necessary to provide definition .

The Influence Of Diversity On Major Concepts Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

The diverse nature of psychology is evident in its 54 divisions of the American Psychological Association, each addressing a different perspective of psychology and a unique aspect of human interaction (Plante, 2011). Psychology permeates and has broad implications for human interaction as well as for the sciences and other disciplines. Psychological diversity influences the major concepts and contributes to a unique perspective of human behavior. In sum, .

Critically Analyse The Social Penetration Theory Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Social penetration theory was first proposed by Altman and Taylor in 1973. There after it was further developed by Altman. This theory is a general approach to interpersonal attraction that looks at the development of an interpersonal relationship from acquaintanceship to close friendship as a gradual and systematic process. It also looks at how friendship moves from peripheral and superficial levels of exchange to intimate friends (Green .

Sexual Sadism And Sex Offenders Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Sexual Sadism is a type of paraphilia that may involve making a person suffer in some way that may or may not lead to death. It varies from extreme forms of torture to mild. It can be with a consensual partner who is a masochist and also the injuring of a non consensual person. Sexual sadists usually have mental disorders such as psychopathy and antisocial personality disorder .

Smokers and non smokers attitudes toward one another

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Thirty three University of Limerick students were asked to participate in a research concerning implicit and explicit attitudes toward smoking-related social identities, for example smokers and non-smokers. Implicit Relational Assessement Procedure (IRAP) was enlisted in this research to understand an individual's implicit attitudes. Past research has indicated that we are often unaware of these attitudes as self presentation strategies mediate implicit attitudes if they are socially undesirable. .

Background and Personal theory of Counselling

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Counselling is defined as a relatively short-term, inter- and intrapersonal, theory-based process in which persons who are considered to function within a 'normal range' are helped by counsellors to resolve developmental and situational problems related to school, mental health, marriage, family issues, employment, aging, rehabilitation, to mention a few, in a structured setting. These persons, who are considered 'stuck' and not 'sick', are looking for a means .

Brain Plasticity In Early Childhood Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Childhood is said to be a period of bliss, innocence, wonder, curiosity, enthusiasm, awe, freedom and is a relatively happier part of one's life. It is a period of immense opportunity. The pace of growth, both mental and physical is highly accelerated during this phase of life. Within a span of about two to three years, children go from babbling to using formal language for communication. And .

Three Theories Of Language Acquisition Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

One of the most important things to know as a student of speech and language therapy is the history of language acquisition theories. These theories form the foundation of common practice and have informed the development of the therapies that we will use as speech and language therapists. This essay will discuss and present arguments for three theories of acquisition: the behaviourist model, the social interactionist model, .

Consumer Choice Primacy Effects in decision making

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

When people make choices, attention is focused on one option at a time and this is most evident in consumer choice. When people enter a store, their first choice is always a familiar brand they have sampled, assessed and evaluated among many other products. Even when presented with many choices in a sequence, options will be evaluated, and a choice will be made aimed at choosing the .

Definitions Of Aggressive Behavior Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

The discussion in this chapter focused on the theory underlying the conceptual framework and studies related to the variables being studied in the current study. The discussion in this chapter covered the following elements: definition of aggression, theoretical approaches to the study of the development of aggressive behavior, emotion and emotional regulation, media violence and General Aggressive Model (GAM) and previous studies on the relationship between emotional .

Personal Stress Management Plan Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Stress is a part of everybodys life. At some point we have all experienced a very stressful situation, and most of us experience stress on some level every day. The things that stress us out - called stressors - are different for everybody. But in the end, there are a select few that seem to have an impact on us all: school, work, relationships, money, and the .

Body Image And Eating Behaviour Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

The complex relationship between body image and eating behaviour have become a major research. Eating practices vary around the world .There is a rapid change in culture due to fastest means of communication. This swing of culture has created affects in developing cultures of Asia, including Pakistan.An ideal figure of extra skinny and underweight model is causing stress and psychological disruption in eating behaviour of both genders. .

What Is A Learning Journal Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

A learning journal is a way of capturing and recording your thoughts, impressions, concerns, questions and reflections. This provides an informal yet focused place to express whatever comes to mind. Its purpose is to enhance further insights on how you learn experiences through the process of writing and thinking about how you learn. Your learning journal is personal and will reflect your experiences, preferences and personality. Why .

Mental disorder DSM-IV

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

DSM-IV "DSM-IV is a classification of mental disorders that was developed for use in clinical, educational, and research settings." What the DSM attempts to do is have specific criteria for specific disorders, but at the same time, not have the manual be used in a "cookbook" fashion. Meaning that the specific diagnostic criteria in the DSM are meant to serve as guidelines concurrently with clinical judgment. As .

Raymond Cattells Theories Of Intelligence Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Raymond Bernard Cattell was a British and American psychologist known for his exploration of areas like the basic dimensions of personality and temperament, a range of cognitive abilities, the clinical dimensions of personality, patterns of group and social behavior and many more. He was born in 1905 in Hilltop, a small town near Birmingham, England. His family was involved in inventing new parts of engines, automobiles and .

Milgrams And Gamsons Studies Of Obedience Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Milgram and Gamson studies have been widely acclaimed as they were one of the first few to find astonishing results. Milgram's experiments demonstrate obedience of authority whereas Gamson's study, referred to as MHRC Encounter (with MHRC standing for Manufacturer's Human Relations Consultants) shows disobedience of authority. The findings of the two studies have been useful in terms of indicating the extent to which individuals obey authority and .

The Principles And Misconceptions In Effective Interpersonal Communications Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Good interpersonal skills, with the aid of communication skills and emotional intelligence, are a weapon that can work for or against the future of newly married couples. Learning one's behavior depends, solely, on the level of interaction between the parties, guided by principles of communication. The latter influences the unfolding of future events basing on perceived trust. In the modern society, family unions, especially marriages, are facing .

Role of amygdala in the experience of fear

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

The amygdalae (from the Greek for 'almond') are two groups of almond-shaped nuclei located deep within the medial temporal lobes of the brain in complex vertebrates, including humans, (see Fig 1 below). Research has shown that the amygdalae perform a primary role in the processing and memory of emotional reactions, and are considered to be part of the limbic system. [pic] Fig 1: Location of Amygdala. (Image .

Family and Juvenile Delinquency

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

The family is the foundation of humanity. Children who are rejected by their parents, who grow up in homes with considerable conflict, or who are inadequately supervised are at the greatest risk of becoming delinquent. Adolescence is a time of expanding vulnerabilities and opportunities that go along with it, widens social and geographic exposure to life beyond school or family. Family is one of the most influential .

The core assumptions of the biological and psychoanalytic

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

The psychoanalytic perspective grew out of subsequent psychoanalytic theories (1901, 1924, and 1940) following decades of interactions with clients with the use of an innovative procedure developed by Sigmund Freud that required lengthy verbal interactions with patients during which Freud probed deep into their lives. In a nutshell, the psychoanalytic perspective looked too explain personality, motivation, and psychological disorders by focussing on the influence of early childhood .

Sex Differences In The Brain Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

There has been ongoing debate and research on the differences between the male and female brain by endless amounts of researches. According to a few researches (Leonard et al., 2009), not much has been researched to show a sex difference in terms of behavioural. While many or some still believe that women and men think and act the same, there are actually some differences in each other's .

Features of a cognitive behavioural approach to counselling

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

In order to answer this question effectively I will first discuss what cognitive behaviour therapy is and its key features. Then I will elaborate on a couple of other approaches to counselling and explain why it is different. Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) can help you to change how you think ("Cognitive") and what you do ("Behaviour)". These changes can help you to feel better. Unlike some of .

Trait theory and personal construct

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

The psychological study of individual differences traditionally has roots in the clinical, psychometric and experimental traditions (Butt,2007). Trait theory is based in the experimental approach. More recently the phenomenological perspective has made headway into the study of individual differences, as demonstrated by personal construct theory (PCT). This essay will start by describing trait theory and PCT, highlighting the important differences between the two approaches. An evaluation of .

Memory Research And Cognitive Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

The area that's been studied in this experiment is cognitive psychology it's how people acquire process and store information. Cognitive researches have numerous practical applications, such as how to increase decision-making accuracy, and ways to improve memory, and how to structure educational curricula to enhance learning. The major topic cognitive psychology study is Perception, Language, Attention, Memory, Problem Solving, Intelligent, Decision Making and Judgment (Robert, L. S. .

Treatment Of Alzheimers Disease And Dementia Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Music therapy has been a widely used source of treatment for many patients suffering from mental, physical or communicational disorders as well as learning difficulties and eating disorders. This type of therapy uses various methods to develop verbal interaction, offers opportunities to create positive changes in mood, emotional states and increase self-confidence and awareness. Outcomes such as these are vital in the treatment of mental disorders such .

Alcoholism from a social learning theory perspective

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Alcohol can be traced as far back as 8000 B. C. when the people of the Middle East created a drink from honey and wild yeast (Alcohol Facts, n.d.). Since then, it has been used in religious ceremonies such as communion, for medicinal purposes as well as during social events. When a person begins to abuse alcohol by drinking large quantities and/or daily consumption, it can lead .

Motivation In Sport: Relationships With Peers And Parents

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Parents, friends, and the peer group are the fundamental contributors to motivational outcomes of the young athletes, providing unique influences on their psychological development (Brustad & Partridge, 2002 Sullivan, 1953).Weinberg and Gould (2007) also emphasize the importance of friends and peer group and the effects they have on child's motivation. According to them, with affiliation being a main motive of child's sport participation, positive peer relationships leads .

Examining the theory of mind hypothesis for autism

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

The Theory of Mind (TofM) hypothesis for autism has been investigated extensively in the last 30 years. This essay will review the literature which examines this theory, considering a wide range of methodological and theoretical approaches. It will be argued that whilst there are several strengths of the theory, the TofM hypothesis cannot account for the non-social symptoms of ASD, and therefore cannot be considered to provide .

Attitudes Towards Help Seeking Behaviour In Individuals Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

A questionnaire survey was conducted among the participants the Victoria University Students chose to determine whether attitudes towards seeking professional help changed when focusing upon certain situational variables. The 697 participants in this study each completed a questionnaire which evaluated on a 3 point scale their current attitude towards seeking professional counselling services, whether help had been obtained and their future intentions in seeking help. The study .

Research report on substance related disorders

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Substance use is a common factor world-wide throughout our social society. Substance related disorders are also on the rise due to its abusers. In today's world we witness thousands of people who pass away due to substance related disorders. Ask anybody in today's society if they know someone who has died, or has suffered severely due to any substance related use or abuse. Then ask them if .

Attitudes Towards Tourism And Hospitality Career Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

To explain human behavior is a very difficult and complex task. But approaching it from different levels such as the person's attitude and perception factors and so on, sheds light to this complexity. Concepts referring to behavioral dispositions, such as social attitude, and personality trait, have played an important role in these attempts to predict and explain human behavior (Ajzen, 1998 Campbell, 1963 Sherman & Fazio, 1983). .

Piagets And Vygotskys Theories Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky are regarded as two of the most influential contributors in developmental psychology. Both theorists presented their own constructivist view on childhood development constructivism is a theory which explains that people organize information based on their previous experiences (Powell & Kalina, 2009). However, while Piaget emphasized the importance of children learning by interacting with their environment, Vygotsky believed that children learn through their .

Pros And Cons Of Rehabilitation Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

The proposed literary review establishes a frame of reference for this particular study and examines a synthesis for solution and possible alternatives to address factors and other specific issues regarding the effectiveness of rehabilitation. This research review accommodates many concepts in regards to assessing behavior modification including an individual's social, psychological, and biological development which determines a need for treatment. Moreover, the review exhibits a combination of .

Two Approaches To Counselling Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

In this essay, I will attempt in brief to compare the chosen approaches, psychodynamic and the personal centred in terms of the basic concepts, goals, element of relationship in therapy, techniques and application. The greater part will be left to the examination of the strengths and weaknesses of the approaches. Finally a conclusion will be given at the end summarising the whole discussion. As stated, the psychodynamic .

When do children develop a theory of mind

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Interest into the understanding of mind in children can be recorded back to Piaget's early research (Piaget, 1928). The term theory of mind was first introduced to psychology in 1978 by Premack and Woodruff when they studied whether chimpanzees had a theory of mind. Theory of mind is used to describe how we take into account the feelings, pretence, desires and beliefs of others when we interact .

Effects of the recession on students well being

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

During an economic downturn, many people are negatively affected by the financial strain that ensues. The primary intention of this research was to identify if a relationship existed between financial insecurity and students reported mental well being. A second objective was to find out if students who work part time during college score higher on the GHQ than those who do not. The sample consisted of 100 .

Culture challenge in defining abnormality

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Psychologists are usually faced with the challenge of universally defining what abnormality is. The aspect of cultural relativism is of the argument that, beliefs on abnormality differ across cultures and sub-cultures. A perfectly acceptable behavior as perceived in one cultural set up may be regarded abnormal in another. Any attempt to define abnormality faces a certain degree of limitation from cultural variations. As such, psychologists may never .

What The Dsm Attempts To Do Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

DSM-IV is a classification of mental disorders that was developed for use in clinical, educational, and research settings. American Psychiatric Association, DSM-IV-TR, 2000 What the DSM attempts to do is have specific criteria for specific disorders, but at the same time, not have the manual be used in a cookbook fashion. Meaning that the specific diagnostic criteria in the DSM are meant to serve as guidelines concurrently .

Link between obesity and mental health

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Obesity may seem like it's a choice--a lifestyle option that many have chosen. Many believe that obesity is really about overeating due to greed and lack of discipline, but this is often not the case. Obesity can be a side effect of a mental health problem which can even occasionally be the main source of all the fat to begin with. Let's dig deeper into the various .

The Need For Affiliation And Henry Murrays Theory

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Henry Murray's educational training was anything but typical for that of a psychology professor he attained a bachelor's degree in History, a master's degree in biology from Columbia University, and a doctorate in Biochemistry. It was after reading several of Carl Jung's published work and establishing a meeting with the legendary Swiss psychiatrist that he was persuaded into studying psychoanalysis. He completed his training in Harvard University .

Effectiveness Of Self Monitoring Technique Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

The term self-esteem comes from a Greek word meaning reverence for self. The self part of self-esteem pertains to the values, beliefs and attitudes that are held about one's own self. Self-esteem refers to the degree of regard or respect that individuals have for themselves and is a measure of worth that they place in their abilities and judgments. No one is born with a self-image. Self-esteem .

The Respective Theories Of Motivation Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

The term motivation derived from the Latin word movere, meaning to move. Motivation represents those psychological processes that cause the arousal, direction, and persistence of voluntary actions that are goal oriented (Mitchell, 1982). Motivation as defined by Robbins (1993) is the "willingness to exert high levels of effort toward organizational goals, conditioned by the effort's ability to satisfy some individual need. A need in this context is .

Basic philosophy of the skilled helper model

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

In the first edition of "The Skilled Helper",published in 1975, Egan expounded a model of the helping process with the goal "to establish a training technology that applies to helper training and to the helping process itself". The subtitle of "The Skilled Helper" is " A Problem Management and Opportunity Development Approach to Helping", and this reflects Egan's focus on problem solving and goal setting rather than .

Comparing and Contrasting Freuds and Eriksons Theories

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

This paper explores the first three stages of Sigmund Freud's Theory of Psychosocial Development and Erik Erickson's Psychosocial Development side by side. At each comparative stage, a brief description of Erickson's version then a brief description of Freud's version is given. After describing both perspectives on each stage of development, comparisons are drawn and connections shown to any common traits between the two theories. A description explains .

Sigmund freuds influenced in the field on psychology

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Sigmund Freud was born on May 6th, 1856 in Frieberg, Moravia. Today the present area is Czech Republic. The parents of Sigmund Freud are Jacob and Amalia Freud. Sigmund grew up in a Jewish family. Sigmund Freud has made an amazing influence in pshche. Sigmund advanced the study of the mind and how it works. With the studies, people where aware of how the brain influenced our .

Self perception inventory

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

The Belbin Self Perception Inventory (SPI), developed by Dr Meredith Belbin, is a self-assessment that is designed to help people understand their role and behaviour in a team setting. This makes it a behavioural test and not a personality one. The SPI has several statements about a person's behaviour in a team, to which you distribute points according to how well they describe you. By transposing these .

The Effects Of Distractions Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

To maintain individuals short-term memory one must be able to discern and ignore distractions. Referring to some elements of previous studies and approaching a different perspective, this report aimed to investigate memory recall under different levels of distraction and t if the relevance of words has an effect on number of items to be recalled. 40 participants, 20 males and 20 female were tested and what was .

The Effectiveness of Pictures and Words on Memory Recall

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Abstract This experiment was designed to investigate whether people would be able to recall pictures or words more after seeing them for a brief period of time. To carry out this study, 52 subjects with the same age were divided into two groups, Group A and Group B. During the test, group A was asked to see a list of 20 pictures, while the other group was .

Self Awareness Among Patients With Schizophrenia Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Bailey et.al., conducted a study to explore the relation exist between lack of awareness of illness and the result of a cognitive deficit involving prefrontal cerebral dysfunction. This study also reveals the relationship exist with miscellaneous domains of self awareness in patients with schizophrenia and other participants with serious mental disorders. The samples were one hundred and eight patients with chronic schizophrenia and 21 patients with bipolar .

Extraversion on Academic Achievement in University Students

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

University fosters an environment encouraging both academic achievements and personal developments. Each individual's experience differs due to their choice of engagement in academic and social events. As academic events are still more important in an academic institution, achieving excellence in academics should be the priority for every student. The choice of participation and degree of academic involvement may depend upon an individual's personality. Thus, the relationship between .

Theories Regarding Attitude Formation And Function Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

As far back as Allport, attitudes have frequently featured in psychology research and literature, emerging from which are differing theories with regards their formation and function (Katz, 1960). Despite the differing ideas of their origins and formation mechanisms, many theories are similar in their emphasis on likes and dislikes, or preferences towards forming a definition of attitudes (Bem, 1970 Fishbein & Azjen, 1975). To the degree that .

Case Study on the nature vs nurture debate

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

Is a child's development influenced by genetics or could the majority of influence be found in the child's environment? The nature vs. nurture debate has been at the forefront of psychology for many decades. The purpose of this essay is to try and answer this question using the case study of Genie. The essay shall also look at some of the roles that a multidisciplinary team would .

Several Stages Of Individual Development Psychology Essay

Published Date: 23 Mar 2015

The development of an individual undergoes several stages of development, which change and replace one another respectively to the cognitive development of the individual. At the same time, the development of individual psychology and personality has been a subject to heat debates between specialists for a long time. In this regard, Piaget's developmental theory played an extremely important role in the formation of views of scientists and .

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