The term disability It is divided into two parts: "dis", which refers to difficulty and "capacity" which is the ability to (...). For this reason since 1993 the United Nations declared the day December 3 as World Day for People with Disabilities, to achieve greater inclusion at family, cultural and social level; This body seeks the right to equality.
There are different types of disability, which are classified as follows: motor, cognitive, intellectual and sensory disability. Inside the latter we find the hearing impairment, this time we will focus on the 8 signs for early detection in a child.
- 1 Does not react to sounds
- 2 Calling does not react
- 3 Shouts from babbling to screaming
- 4 Difficulty interacting with stimuli
- 5 Absence of verbal expression of folded syllables
- 6 Absence of verbal expression of people or objects
- 7 When reading a children's story, you don't pay attention
- 8 Attention! All this is more frequent with the passage of time
Does not react to sounds
In the first 6 months a hearing impairment may be suspected when the baby does not react to unexpected, loud or long lasting sounds (for example: if an object falls to the ground, when a cell phone rings).
Calling him does not react
Since the 6 months of life a baby tends to express responses to certain stimuli. For example: when parents call their child by name, the baby tends to move his head and look where he hears his name. When some hearing difficulty occurs in a child does not present this reaction, only when he has his parents in front.
During the 6 to 12 months of the child not perceiving sounds from his surroundings, he feels as if everything is "with the volume down" and that is why he could not hear anything. Think of a situation that can serve as an example: when we are in a concert we receive a call to the cell phone, what happens when you answer the call? As there is a lot of noise from the concert this makes us talk too loud to try to talk with the person who is calling us, this too It is evident in a child who tries to interact satisfactorily with his environment, as he shouts more than the bill.
Difficulty interacting with stimuli
In addition to the above characteristics, another signal to detect early hearing impairment in a child is the exaggerated difficulty interacting with stimuli (which can be: situations, objects or people) that you cannot see. Previously we mentioned that When they call you, you may not react if you don't have your parents in front, this tends to generalize in other spaces, for example: with friends, with the teacher who scolds him at school, if someone gives him an indication verbally (say “goodbye” without accompanying him with a gesture with his body) among others. This can begin to be noticed from 6 months.
Absence of verbal expression of folded syllables
In general, hearing problems or difficulties contain several aspects, that is, not only hearing, but also the effective development of speech is involved. From 12 months (or the year of your child's age) there is evidence of the absence of double syllables such as: dad, mom, among others.
Absence of verbal expression of people or objects
From the first year of age the child does not carry out the denomination of people and objects through words. Let's look at an example to understand this better, a child in normal conditions of development when he is hungry to ask for a bottle, can say "tete", at home they know that if he says "tete" he wants to eat; but a child with obvious hearing impairment By not perceiving sounds, he has not favorably developed his expression through words.
When reading a children's story he doesn't pay attention
In many countries, the custom continues to read a children's story in the evenings to sleep a child. From 2 years of age of a child, when you suspect that you have a hearing problem, this will be reflected when reading a story at night, since if you have some difficulty perceiving sounds you will not pay sustained attention when you read a story, which can cause the child to start another activity.
Attention! All this is more frequent with the passage of time
When the child is 2 years of age (or older) all these symptoms mentioned above occur more frequently, evidencing some difficulty in interacting with parents, other relatives, other children their age, at school, among others.
It is essential that parents be alert in the early detection so that this does not produce other psychological problems in the short or medium term, such as shyness, aggressive behavior, among other manifestations in a child.